Honduras has a history heavily influenced by the Mayan and Aztec cultures, as these were the people pueblos who lived there before the Spanish conquest. As in other Central American countries, there were various subgroups that were formed based on their location due to migration. Once the Spanish arrived, Honduras was populated by a large variety of ethnic groups, due to the convergence of groups coming from Central America.
The Atlantic and Caribbean coasts were settled by black people. The Garifuna, were English speakers who arrived to the area from the English in the north of the country in the middle of the eighteenth century. The presence of slaves from Africa can be explained by the demand for labor.
This made the country rich in terms of diversity. It is a multiethnic, multicultural and multilingual country. The only official language is Spanish, but English Garifuna and various indigenous languages are also spoken. only 3% of the population has a maternal language that is not Spanish, and of these, 90% speak Spanish as their second language.
Ethnic groups and languages spoken:
There is the influence of regional words and terms, especially with the conservation of certain letters and sounds from indigenous languages, such as the predominance of the letter “x”, which is repeated in all of the languages and derived from the Mayan and Aztec cultures. It can be pronounced as “sh” or “j” depending on the region and the words they use, as well as if you are at the beginning or end of a word.
One main factor in the development of the “different dialects” was the degree of access that the inhabitants had to different provinces between the years 1500 and 1800, and the linguistic changes that this produced. It is said that this influenced the chronology of settlement and the relationship with phonetic phenomenon of contemporary speech.
Out of these changes, the following are analyzed: